If you want to start a hobby, you need a healthy breeding cat. Not all animals are allowed to breed in order to avoid genetic defects and hereditary diseases as far as possible for the benefit of the young cat. Which criteria must be met by cats and cats, read here.
With a good breeding cat, it is not only a breed-typical look, but especially on health and well-being. Most reputable cat breeders run a hobby and earn their living with a different profession. So they do not have to rely on cat breeding, so to produce as many kittens as possible, and can fully concentrate on making their animals feel good. Many breed societies explicitly stipulate in their rules that only amateur breeding is allowed.
Which animals are allowed as a breeding cat?
If you want to start a hobby, you have to register in a recognized breeding association. In the breeding guidelines you will find all the important information, which requirements a breeding cat must meet. As a rule, only animals registered in the studbooks of the association itself or of an association recognized by it are admitted. Exceptions must be approved in writing. Both breeding and breeding cats must be proven to be healthy and not related. You also need to be dewormed, free of parasites and vaccinated.
You also need a written permit if you want to mate cats of different breeds. This may be useful to avoid the dangers of typical hereditary diseases of certain breeds and tormenters. In some cat breeds, for example, domestic cats (European shorthair cats) or other breeds are included in order to expand the gene pool and avoid genetic malformations. These include, for example, the Ural Rex and American Curl, where outcrossing with domestic cats takes place, as well as Scottish Fold and Manx cats, where British shorthair cats (BKH) are crossed.
Hobby Breeding: Mating a cat with a breeding cat, but correct
The breeding cat and the kittens must be at least 10 months old before being mated with each other. Sometimes you can also have a so-called early cover approved with a nine-month-old cat, if your veterinarian has explicitly allowed this and issued you a certificate. In the Breeding Guidelines, you'll find more guidelines for the time periods you'll have to spend between mating and litters to keep your cats healthy. Thus, usually at most two litters a year with a gap of at least three months in between allowed. However, larger time intervals and fewer litters are even better for your cat.
You do not necessarily need your own breeding cat for your hobby breed, but you can also have your cat covered by another recognized breeder. Compare the pedigree of the cat with that of your cat beforehand, in order to recognize possible unfavorable genetic characteristics in time. Two to three days after your velvet paw is rolling, you can bring it to the breeding cat. You will be charged (between 300 and 600 euros) and you will have to submit various applications and fill out the certificates. If the mating was unsuccessful, tell the owner of the breeding cat and the association, you are entitled to a new, free trial within one year.
Keep breeding cat: special features
Sexually mature, uncastrated tomcats mark their territory with urine and that can smell bad for human noses. Therefore, the attitude of a breeding cat is not easy. Some breeders set up in their garden a so-called cat house with outdoor enclosure, where the male animal has its own kingdom. However, this is only appropriate if you spend time with him regularly, play with him and talk to him, and provide him with a castrated conspecific as a society. Otherwise, the cat feels alone and can develop behavioral disorders, such as exaggerated timidity and fear of shyness or aggressiveness.
The best thing for your breeding cat is, if he lives with you in the house and is allowed to participate in your everyday life and has secure clearance. You can set up your own "playroom" with (easy to clean) scratching posts, climbing facilities, sleeping places and hiding places so that he is less tempted to mark throughout the house. In addition, he still needs a permanent place for his litter box and a feeding place.
When to exclude cats from breeding
Cats that are ill or have genetically inheritable defects should not be used for breeding. After a certain number of litters and at a certain age, it is no longer reasonable for your cat to get more offspring. When that's the case, ask your vet. Cats and hangovers, which you no longer use for your hobby breeding, let you castrate as soon as possible, so that they can continue to stay with them in the household in their familiar environment and enjoy their well-deserved retirement.