The exact lineage of the domestic cat is still partially puzzling, but it seems certain that the Falzkatze from Africa is their ancestress. But how did the wildcats become tame baby tigers?
About 9, 000 years old archaeological finds from Egypt suggest that the African Falbkatze was then kept as a domestic cat. The ancient Egyptians worshiped the velvet paws as gods and appreciated their skills in hunting mice. The further descent and the history of the Domestikation of the domestic cats are however not clearly clarified.
Descent from the Falzkatze
The African cat looks quite similar to today's domestic cat: it is small, slender, has a narrow head and large ears and a long tail that tapers. Her legs are slightly longer than the legs of the domestic cat and the nose is slightly larger. The African cat breed is available in different subspecies in different coat colors from reddish to light brown to gray. The coat may be unpatterned, spotted or striped and is short.
It is believed that people started taming this cat when they settled down and started farming. The preference of the cats for mice, which worked on grain supplies and thus could ruin the harvest, made them valuable for the farmers. Conversely, it was also useful for the cats to get food and a safe home so easily.
When the domestic cat came to Europe
The Romans then probably came to Europe with the Romans, as the citizens of the Roman Empire quickly understood how the tamed falcon cat could protect their supplies from unwelcome guests. The cat was mentioned by the Romans about 2, 000 years ago for the first time. Gradually, the domestic cat spread throughout Europe, although it can not be ruled out that the descendants of the Falzkatze on our continent could have mixed with native wildcat species. In contrast to the Falzkatze, which is relatively friendly for a wild animal, the European Wildcat is extremely shy.
Breeding of purebred cats only for 150 years
The deliberate breeding of certain purebred cats has only been around for around 150 years. However, the different cat breeds do not differ as much from each other as the different dog breeds do. The differences in size between a Maine Coon cat and a Singapura are clear, but not as extreme as between Great Dane and Chihuahua. Essentially, there are differences in coat colors and patterns as well as in coat lengths and structures. But with any cat of the breed, the resemblance to our domestic cat and its wild relatives of the Falzkatze is unmistakable.
Where is the falcon cat living today?
Falcons can nowadays be found mainly in deserts and scrubland as well as open rocky regions and cultivated lands. As cultural successors, they still like to live close to humans and their homes. In rainforest areas falcons usually have not settled down, but it is still possible that there live wild cats, some of whom have mated with Falbkatzen. Visually, the animals are then hardly distinguishable from each other. In addition to rodents such as mice, the Falbkatze also likes to eat a scorpion, birds, amphibians, spiders and insects. Even smaller juvenile antelopes can catch the wildcats, although this is rare. Unfortunately, feral domestic cats make their relatives in some areas competition, so that the animals have to fight over the food.