Dogs rely primarily on their sense of smell, people on their eyes. How does a cat perceive its environment? How important are the cat's eyes for the orientation of the Miez? The sense of sight is helpful for cats especially when hunting in low light conditions.
With their eyes, people can perceive the most diverse color facets and see them quite far. For a cat, however, such details are not relevant to navigating your world. However, cats see things that are hidden from the human eye, especially at dusk.
Eyes of the cat have wide field of vision
The eyes of the cat are aligned as well as the human eyes forward, so they have excellent spatial vision. However, the fur noses have proportionately larger eyes than humans, so they have a wider field of vision. People can see through their eyes about 180 degrees at a time, but the cat can see 200 to 220 degrees without having to move their head. At the edges of the visual field, however, the contours are perceived blurred in both humans and cats.
How hot do cats look?
When it comes to visual acuity, human eyes are ahead of cat's eyes. Cats that are farther away than six meters usually see cats as slightly blurry. For a cat's eyes can register fast movements immediately, which is of great use in hunting.
This is how cats perceive colors
Human eyes have so-called cones, which are responsible for color perception. Three different cones enable us to perceive short-wave, medium-wave and long-wave light. This corresponds to the shades of blue, yellow and red as well as mixed colors and different facets of these shades. Cat's eyes, on the other hand, have only two different cones for short- and medium-wave light, so they can only recognize the colors blue and yellow, but no reds.
Cat look in the dusk
Your cat may have fewer cones than you, but it has more rods in the eye, which are responsible for photosensitivity. That alone ensures that your girl can see better in bad light than you. In addition, cats have a reflective layer behind the retina, which is called "tapetum lucidum". The light that falls on it is thrown back onto the retina like a mirror.
If you photograph your cat using a flash, you can see this layer as white or light blue dots instead of the eyes in the photo. The existing light can use cats with the special layer reinforced so that they can hunt well even after sunset. However, cats can see as little as humans in complete darkness.