The low temperatures in winter can cause a bladder infection in the dog develops. However, the cold is not the cause of disease, but rather a favorable factor. Which causes really trigger the infection, read here.
The causes of cystitis in dogs are manifold. In most cases, however, bacteria trigger the painful illness. In order to protect your four-legged friend, especially in the winter months, it is important to understand the triggers.
The most common causes: bacteria
As in humans, the cystitis in dogs affects the lower urinary tract, ie bladder and urethra. The organs are inflamed - acute, chronic, recurrent or even symptom-free. In most cases, bacteria, such as intestinal bacteria or streptococci, are at fault. In most cases, they sit on external walls or in the immediate vicinity of the genitals, for example in the coat or on the skin. If dogs lick their own genitals or other dogs that carry the bacteria, the pathogens can enter the bladder through the urethra. Also, when dogs swim in the water, the bacteria may end up in the bladder. With weakened immunity they multiply and trigger the inflammation.
Risk factors for cystitis in dogs
There are several factors that favor the development of bacterial cystitis in the dog - such as decreased body temperature. This is why the disease called cystitis is a typical problem, especially in winter. Cold, cold weather, long periods of cold-footedness or swimming in cold water weakens the body's defenses against the bacteria. Because the urethra is shorter in females than in males, female dogs are more likely to develop cystitis. Older castrated bitches are most common, as the bladder sphincter often has a weakness - making it easier for germs to ascend into the bladder.
Cystitis in the dog: other causes
Other causes of cystitis in dogs are urinary calculi. In the disease, crystals form in the urine, which can irritate closed the bladder mucous membranes. But a malposition of the urinary organs, a urethral constriction, diabetes mellitus or tumors may also cause the bladder in the dog inflamed. That is why it is important to seek out and treat the exact causes together with the veterinarian.