The Bernese Mountain Dog is a very popular breed with its gentle, good-natured nature. Unfortunately, its size means that it often has health issues and its life expectancy is low compared to other dogs. Above all, the diseases affecting the joints make the Bernese.
The following tips will help you to better take care of the health of your Bernese Mountain Dog and prevent preventable diseases. It is important that you only buy your Bernese Mountain Dog from a reputable, responsible breeder. He is careful to avoid hereditary diseases typical of this breed if possible. In addition, the puppies grow up with good breeders lovingly and humanely, so that the risk for later behavioral problems is very low.
Bernese Mountain Dog: health and life expectancy of animals
The average life expectancy of the Bernese Mountain Dog is only six to eight years. However, they can contribute to his health so that his life is as long and beautiful as possible. Avoid obesity, for example, by feeding your Bernese human and keeping him physically busy. High-quality food generally has a major impact on the lifespan and quality of dogs (and other animals). In order for your four-legged friend to maintain his cheerfulness, he also needs spiritual employment.
If your Bernese Mountain Dog is getting older, regular veterinary check-ups are recommended. This allows any chronic diseases to be detected early and treated better. If you have the impression that your dog behaves differently than usual, seems weaker or seems to be in pain, do not hesitate to go with him to the vet. Even for acute health problems, the sooner they are discovered, the greater the chances of recovery.
HD, ED and Co .: Joint Diseases of the Bernese Mountain Dog
Like most large breeds, Bernese Mountain Dogs are susceptible to hip dysplasia (HD) and elbow dysplasia (ED). The dysplasias are malformations of the skeleton, in which the thigh bones are inadequate in the joint socket and find there insufficient support. Hip dysplasia refers to the hind legs, elbow dysplasia to the front legs. Possible causes include a genetic predisposition to rapid growth, bad stress in the first months of life and high-calorie food. Being overweight can make these diseases worse.
The Bernese Mountain Dog may also suffer from skeletal developmental disorder called osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD). This is a hereditary disease in which the cartilage of young dogs is not properly ossified.
Renal insufficiency in Bernese Mountain Dogs
Many dogs suffer from kidney failure at an advanced age, but the Bernese Mountain Dog seems prone to getting it at a young age. Watch for symptoms such as bad breath, loss of appetite, increased thirst and fatigue. Oral inflammation, increased urinary frequency and vomiting may also indicate renal insufficiency. If you suspect you should visit a veterinarian as soon as possible, so that the disease can be delayed and the quality of life of your four-legged friend can be improved.
Are Bernese Mountain Dogs susceptible to cancer?
Sadly, the Bernese Mountain Dog is quite vulnerable to cancers and tumors. Especially the cancer form "malignant histiocytosis" can often be observed in this breed of dog. It can affect the skin and make itself felt by knots under the skin, hair loss and plaque formation. But there is also a generalized form that affects the whole body, especially the liver, lungs and lymph nodes. Afflicted dogs lose weight, appear weaker, lose their appetite and have breathing problems.