Without their special sense of touch, cats could not move so elegantly. With the help of her scraper hair, a velvet paw can accurately perceive her surroundings. Here, a cat not only has tactile hair on the head, but also in many other places.
A cat has probes, also called Vibriss, in the face on cheeks, chin and over the eyes. In addition, it has smaller Vibrissen the foot balls, elbows and at the rear of the legs, which informs them about obstacles in the area as well as the slightest air movements.
Sensitive tactile hair: Vibrissos serve as sensors
The special feature of the Vibrissen: Their hair roots are three times deeper in the skin than the roots of normal hair. The tactile hairs are connected to many nerves, through which coarse and fine signals are transmitted to the brain of the Miez. For example, a velvet paw can easily move in the dark.
The mustache hairs are particularly sensitive, of which one cat has an average of twelve on each side. These mobile tactile hairs are already developed in newborns and are used for example for communication. For example, cats with foreheaded mustaches show sociability and curiosity, such as greeting.
The sense of touch of a cat works at a distance
The cat's hair can not only record and relay information through direct contact, but also work remotely. For example, with the Vibrissos, cats can perceive the finest air movements around an obstacle or the movements of a prey animal remotely. Cats can also feel the tiniest vibrations through the sensitive soles of their feet and even "see" the movements of a mouse under the ground.
Also part of the sense of touch: the remarkable temperature sensors that a cat has. Kittens, for example, do not find their mother's teats over their odor, but from the heat emanating from the teats.