Dog training starts at a very young age, when the four-legged friends are still puppies. However, everything that a dog needs to learn in his or her life is the right time.
For the basic dog training a small puppy is not yet the right age. This comes later, when the young four-legged friend has learned who his master and mistress are, where he is allowed to do his business and where his sleeping place is.
Early dog training for little puppies
A serious dog breeder takes care of the very small puppies for a suitable dog training for them. Although the mother of the tiny creatures is there for them, even puppy babies must learn that they can trust people, children and other pets. At that age, they should also get to know everyday noises such as vacuum cleaners, rattling cookware, falling objects and get used to driving, to their transport crate and being carried.
If the four-legged family addition comes to you in the house, you must communicate to him who his new confidants are. The dog has to be able to rely on you, so be consistent in the puppy training, fair and loving. With hand and body signs as well as vocal modulation you teach your puppy at a young age to pay attention to you and to listen to you. Show the newcomer where to sleep, where to place his food bowl, and set up a corner for his needs. In addition, you can teach the little newcomer housebreaking.
The right age for basic commands
Before the seventh month of life, the puppy has yet to learn too many other basic rules, orientate himself in his new home with his new caregivers, and can not yet concentrate so well. Only at the age of about six to seven months are dogs susceptible to the basic commands such as "seat", "place", "stay" and "on foot". Praise the dog if he did something right and use positive reinforcement in this way. No matter what age your animal friend is, take time each day for dog training. Play with him, go for a walk and make clear announcements.
The latter is especially true for young dogs who are in puberty, so about the eighth month of life. They test their limits like human teens, see how far they can go, and then need a particularly consistent education. Clarity and consistency, however, are not synonymous with rigor. Instead of harsh words and punishments, patience and security are needed. Divide up the educational lessons into individual, concrete training steps and practice rather only briefly, but several times a day, each "lesson" until your four-legged friends mastered them. Only then will it continue in the syllabus.
If you want to do dog sport with your four-legged friend, which is physically demanding - for example, agility or train dog sport -, wait until it is fully grown. Otherwise, the unfamiliar movement can affect the joints when the four-legged friend is still growing.
Dog training in old age
Even adult and older dogs can still learn, even if it may take a little longer, if previously had already eroded unwanted behavior. Even dog seniors you can - of course, age-appropriate - still teach tricks. Although they are usually not physically as agile as they were young in their old age, they are happy when they can straighten their heads or make use of their excellent nose, such as nose work and search games.